When there is misalignment between business operations and technology it's simply highlighting a lack of organisation. Simply put, the purpose of technology is to provide business with a faster, more organised way to deliver products and services to the paying customers.
Strict start and stop working schedules. Working erratic schedules is simply a bad habit as it throws out a persons natural cycle of day and night. Sticking to a strict schedule is a form a self discipline, which is vital for prolonged high performance, and highly desirable for fast paced environments that I create.
Always perform a proper auditing of any situation so there is real clarity in reasons to do things. The 8 steps are; work out what should be happening, the ideal targets, compare that with what's happening now, follow the outpoints, locate the real why, look over existing resources, then handle it so it stays handled.
Pair up team members, works really well for all roles as used in extreme programming. Paired up team members keep each others performance high, are able to bounce ideas off each other and routinely produce higher quality products than single team members.
This is applying management rules to a state or situation. The advantage to management by state is attention is given to the "actual situation", rather than the "apparent situation" which are nearly always different.